Commodity inspection is a very important sector in merchandise exports and imports. Whether we can deal with commodity inspection severely influence the speed that we get through customs clearance. For foreign trade, these knowledge of commodity inspection must be learnt.
Range of commodity inspection
Entry-exit persons, vehicles, transportation equipments and luggages that might carry infectious diseases, goods and parcels.
Entry-exit flora and fauna, animal and plant products and other quarantine objects, containers that are loaded with flora and fauna, animal and plant products and other quarantine objects and vehicles from epidemic areas of animals and plants.
Import and export goods which have been listed in List of Commodities (It has been merged into Catalogue of Goods for Inspection and Quarantine), exported food, performance testing and operational evaluation of exported packaging containers of dangerous goods, cargoworthiness inspection of delivery vehicles of putrescible food, frozen goods, export and import goods which are regulated to be inspected, export and import goods which should be inspected according to government agreement and other regulations.
Imported goods, food additives, food containers, tools for packing materials and food and equipments.
Commodity inspection authority will accept and handle application for inspection
First, the applicants should fill in Export Inspection Application Form and provide the related documents such as foreign trade contract, L/C, original copy of factory inspection result and so on. Commodity inspection authority will accept and handle application for inspection after checking that the documents meet the requirement. If it’s not up to requirement, it can demand the applicant to supplement or modify the related clauses.
It is held by inspection institution. It will use random sampling to extract samples according to different shapes of goods. The appliants should provide the storage location cooperate with the sampling inspection personnel.
Inspection department can use all kinds of technological means from sense to chemical analysis and instrumental analysis. Self-inspection, joint inspection, onsite inspection and inspection of origin are the ways of inspection.
Inspection institutions should issue inspection certificates or stamp the release signet on goods declaration for exportation. After getting inspection certificates or notification for quarantine clearance, the export enterprises should effect the export within the validity. According to regulations of registration of import goods, the inspection of imported goods is divided into two kinds.
For enterprises which implement quality license, health registration, registration number and license number should be provided. For prepackaged food, Certificate of import-export food labeling verification or labelling audit letter of decision.
For enterprises who export special cargoes, the related documents should be submitted according to the law.
Documents for entry quarantine
Application for inspection of imported goods, foreign trade contract, invoice, packing list, B/L and so on.
For imported animals and plants or their products, Import and Export Animal and Plant Quarantine License, inspection and quarantine license (original) of exporting countries or regions.
For inbound mechanical and electrical products, automatic import license needs to be delivered according to different types of products. For old mechancal and electrical products, the certificate of shipment or declaration need to be provided. For those referred to automatic import license, we should note it with “old” after the name of commodities.
For inbound vehicles, CCC certificates, certificate of compressors of cars' air condition which don't use CFC-12 as refrigerants and original and copy of import certificate issued by the customs and other related technical documents.
The issuing time of commodity inspection certificates should not be later than date of B/L and it shouldn't be too earlier than date of B/L.
Two working days after inspection, commodity inspection certificates will be issued.
After the certificate is delivered to inspection hall, we should queue up first.
After the certificate is issued, we should issue the invoice, effect the payment, go through audit and get the certificate.
The procedures are the same when enterprises go through inspection on their own. If the supplying plant is in other place, the plant can go through inspection on its own and then send the replacement voucher to us. However, we should pay attention to commercial confidentiality.